Top 13 NewSQL Databases
Today, organizations deal with complex data from multiple sources and thus need to utilize database management systems to store and manage data. Finding the right database is not an easy task because there are different types of database systems. You also need to understand your business needs in order to choose the right database management system. Many organizations use relational database management systems (RDBMS) to store and manage their data. However, these systems are unable to cope with the huge amounts of complex data and meet the needs of database users today. For this reason, organizations are looking for database systems that can provide scalability, availability, and improved performance while maintaining the important features of traditional database systems. Database software vendors have identified this need and developed NewSQL databases to address the problems associated with traditional database systems. NewSQL databases solve database problems without giving up the advantages of traditional databases.
NewSQL relational database management systems provide the same scalable performance of NoSQL systems for OLTP - online transaction processing read-write workloads while maintaining the ACID guarantees of a traditional database system. The data structures used by NoSQL databases differ from those used in relational databases, and that makes some operations faster in NoSQL databases.
Top NewSQL Databases: CockroachDB, Pivotal GemFire XD, Altibase, MemSQL, VoltDB, ClustrixDB, c-treeACE, NuoDB, Percona TokuDB, Apache Trafodion, TIBCO ActiveSpaces, ActorDB are some of the Top NewSQL Databases.
What are NewSQL Databases?
NewSQL databases are modern SQL databases that solve some of the major problems associated with traditional online transaction processing (OLTP) RDBMS. They seek to achieve the scalability and improved performance of NoSQL databases while maintaining the benefits of traditional database management systems. In other words, NewSQL databases are relational database systems that combine the OLTP, high performance, and scalability of NoSQL. They maintain the ACID (Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, and Durability) guarantees of traditional DBMS. ACID transactions ensure complete business processes, concurrent transactions, data survival in case of system failures or errors, and consistency before and after a transaction. NewSQL databases differ in terms of their internal design, but all of them are RDBMSs that run on SQL. They use SQL to ingest new information, execute many transactions at the same time, and modify the contents of the database. The main categories of NewSQL systems include new architectures, transparent sharding middleware, SQL engines, and Database-as-a-Service (DBaaS).
- Partitioning/Sharding – Almost all NewSQL database management systems scale out by dividing the database into separate subsets known as partitions or shards. The tables are horizontally split into several fragments with boundaries based on column values. Related fragments from different tables are joined to create a partition.
- Replication – This feature allows database users to create and maintain copies of a database or a part of a database. Copies of the database are stored in a remote site next to the main site or in a distant site. Users can update the replicas simultaneously or update one node and transfer the resultant state to other replicas.
- Secondary Indexes – Secondary indexes allow database users to efficiently access database records by using a different value other than the primary key.
- Concurrency Control – This feature addresses the problems that might occur in a multi-user system when many user access or modify data simultaneously. NewSQL systems use this feature to ensure simultaneous transactions while maintaining data integrity.
- Crash Recovery – NewSQL databases have a mechanism that enables them to recover data and move to a consistent state when the system crashes.
Some of the benefits include:
- Database partitioning reduces the system’s communication overhead making it possible to access data with ease.
- ACID transactions ensure data integrity even if there is a system failure or error.
- NewSQL databases can handle complex data.
- NewSQL systems are highly scalable.
Top NewSQL Databases
CockroachDB is a survivable, scalable, strongly consistent SQL database, offering strong consistency, distributed SQL, high speed transactions and too for building great apps. It enables its users to go from the back to the front within a few clicks and steps. Due to the assistance of distributed database technologies pioneered by Google designed for web-scale applications, CockroachDB is independent of developers to make tradeoffs between time-to-market and scalable infrastructure. CockroachDB is equipped with one of the strongest disaster recovery systems in the market, which means when the data center or cloud infrastructure goes offline suddenly or malfunctions even in the…
Pivotal GemFire XD
GemFire XD is an in-Memory data grid powered by Apache Geode that scales on-demand data services to support real-time, high performance apps. Even though it provides much the same features for data management as most other good data grids do, it’s added features enhance the way so as to the way data is configured and conveyed. Its features include a predictable low latency: even during huge peaks in synchronized access, users can count on predictable low latency because of the in-memory, horizontally scalable architecture which is built in to GemFire. The elastic scale-out feature easily scales out horizontally to meetpeaks…
Altibase is an in-memory database (IMDB) with a fast working, user-frinedly hybrid architecture. Altibase is a single database delivering high intensity processed date via an in-memory database portion and large storage capacity through an on-disk database portion. It is very flexible, relational ANSI SQL compliant and ACID compliant. It also offers easy SQL code and skills migration. HW & OS agnostics included. It keeps users current DBAs. Reduces HW & SW cost by in-memory + on-disk DBMS under 1 license. Over 20 years of enterprise grade RDBMS experience. Over 550 enterprise clients with thousands of deployments. Altibase has proven to…
MemSQL is a very high-performance, in-memory database which joins the horizontal scalability of distributed systems with the familiarity of SQL. MemSQL enables businesses to analyze changing datasets by ingesting streams, processing transactions performing analytics simultaneously in a single database. With instant access to both real-time and historical data, MemSQL makes rapid decisions by picking out the freshest data and eliminates the unnecessary queries. In a single database, Mem SQL can process streams and analyze large chunks of data giving the power to study changing datasets. MemSQL allows complete data growth by its inclusion of features like an in-memory row store…
VoltDB ia an in-memory, operational database purpose-built to aid businesses in building their high velocity transaction applications. The combined features manage data as smoothly as ever, the speed combined with scalability of the best distributed data architectures alongside the ACID transactionality of traditional RBDMs, the consistency combined with reliability needed to deploy more streamlined architecture, the tools and language of development made all the more efficient for professional use. The basic benefits and features of VoltDB include: enhanced speed and performance, real-time personalization and decision making, compatibility with a wide range of products, SQL familiarity, integrated Kafka export and import,…
CLustrix DB is a self-management system which does all the complicated operations itself and adds servers to increase capacity, throwput and removes the chances of time delays due to failures in hardware. Clustrix DB has built in optimized tabs which categorize data into easily accessible sections and heads; an efficiently working self-management database system which saves time and effort by its self-procession; a new, browser-based user interface called ClustrixDB GUI; better durability and scaling options, efficient database flexing up and down ; a scale-out SQL which allows you to add nodes and hence serve more users; handling massive transaction volume…
c-treeACE is a fully ACID advanced key-value store that supports multiple relational & non-relational APIs. Its unique No+SQL technology facilitates high-performance NoSQL and industry-standard SQL access within the same application, over the same data. c-treeACE ensures absolute developer control over data application configuration with its efficient, engineering-level database. It offers full security plus speed to develop innovative applications of different types, all for data relation transactions. FairCom has been refining its NoSQL technology for over 35 years. Built upon the solid foundation originally called ISAM, today c treeACE has become one of the robust No+SQL multimodel resolution available, perfect for…
NuoDB is aN always available, ACID-compliant, SQL database, which delivers on-demand capacity on commodity hardware across a myriad of data centersThis distributed database is wholly purpose-built to elastically map out across geographies without hindering the mainstream database requirements such as SQL or ACID semantics. NuoDB’s prominent new feature is its transformative quality. Its durable distributed cache (DDC) feature joins the strengths of traditional RDBMSs, rich ANSI SQL support, full ACID transactions, enterprise-class tooling for security, backup, and administration with support for elastic scalability plus a continuous availability across multiple data centers. Its other features are designed as per enterprise, operational…
Percona TokuDB by Fractal Tree Indexing is an open source, high-performance storage engine for Percona Server. Customers get to improve their database’s scalability and operational efficiency with the easy to set up tools and features provided by this system. Big data applications have to meet so many demanding requirements and that is exactly why Percona TokuDB reduces the deployment costs linked with scaling and optimization and scaling efforts. Percona TokuDB and Percona HotBackup are included in Percona Server 5.6 download link below. By its fastness and good scalability feature, it means that Percona TokuDB greatly accelerates concurrency and performance, cuts…
Apache Trafodion is an enterprise-class SQL-on-HBase solution and an open source which is targeted for operational workloads or big data transactional workloads. Project Trafodion runs in a full-functioned ANSI SQL language support which improve developer productivity and reuses existing SQL skills. Project Trafodion has JDBC/ODBC connectivity for Linux/Windows clients which promotes interoperability with existing tools and applications. Project Trafodion uses distributed ACID transaction protection across tables, rows and multiple statements which guarantee data consistency across multiple tables and rows. Project Trafodion improves performance for OLTP workloads with run-time and compile-time optimizations with Hadoop and Linux distribution as neutral. Project Trafodion…
TIBCO ActiveSpaces Enterprise Edition (EE) provides a distributed in-memory data grid that can increase processing speed and save time while getting over costly transactions, all the while it makes data management less of a burden for concerned developers. The reason this database management system is efficient to use is because ActiveSpaces EE provides a unique infrastructure to build highly scalable, error-free, highly defined graphical and good navigational applications. It creates large virtual data caches from the aggregate memory of participating nodes, scaling automatically as nodes join and leave. Combining the features and performance of databases, caching systems, and messaging software,…
ActorDB is a distributed SQL Database designed around having to do the least possible inter-server synchronization. ActorDB has two distinct engines: SQLite for running SQL queries which uses pages to store data and LMDB for storage in an append-only style where checkpoints are replaced with cleanups that only free up space for later use. ActorDB has features such as a full relational database within an actor, queries and transactions over multiple actors, no single point of failure, ACID database and is connectable over MySQL protocol and Thrift. Every ActorDB node can easily handle thousands of client connections. ActorDB is ideal…